The vast majority of people involved are new to cryptocurrency, this is not unintentional. There are no stupid questions, if you are unclear about anything other people are too, and new people coming in the future will also be. By asking questions and participating in the discussion you are helping others.
Mining raw dog simply means mining with adolfnode directly instead of with the ‘protection’ of a mining pool. There are benefits to both methods and it’s good to experiment and see which one works best for your situation.